At an earlier juncture in this same chapter I have hinted at a possible link between Dark Age Londinium and Tintagel in Cornwall. More curious than this though is the previously referred to archaeological evidence unearthed at Tintagel by Professor Charles Thomas during the nineteen eighties, which would seem to indicate that there is some kind of a connection between the latter site and Dunadd in Scotland. These suppositions of Thomas, that there was some kind of a primordial link between Scotland and Cornwall at this time, appear to be confirmed by the legendary links between Tintagel itself and King Mark of Cornwall; whose nephew, Sir Tristrem, is an important figure in Arthurian literature. In my "Lay of the Last Minstrel: Sir Walter Scott and the Border Minstrel Tradition" I offer direct manuscript evidence from a number of ancient Welsh texts that Tristram, Tristan or Drustanus, as he appears in a number of several variants of his name, is in fact of Pictish origin; and indeed descent. In view of this fact it should come as little surprise that on the Galloway Coast, sandwiched directly between the modern towns of Dumfries and Kirkcudbright, stands an ancient fortified earthwork known since time immemorial as "The Mote of Mark". Close by, a hill fort known as Trusty’s Hill possesses an ancient Pictish symbol stone with apparent connections to the previously mentioned carving of a boar at Dunadd. Thus, we find direct evidence of an apparent link between the old Celtic Kingdoms of "Alba" (Scotland) and "Cambria" (Wales and Cornwall) as they are remembered by Geoffrey of Monmouth. But what of "Loegria" (England) and its legendary capital at "Trinovantum"? We shall return to this subject again in Chapter Eight, where we will discover the link between one of London’s most ancient monuments and the mysterious foot print at Dunadd previously referred to during the course of the preceeding chapter.
(1) See "The Druids" by Stuart Piggot, p. 70.
(2) See T.G.E. Powell, "The Celts", Thames and Hudson, 1983.
(3) John Michell, "The Flying Saucer Vision", Abacus, 1974. pp.132-133.
(4) Michell, John "The View Over Atlantis", Garnstone Press, 1975, p.179.
(5) See "The Flying Saucer Vision" p.146.
(6) Originally sung to the folk song collector Patrick Shuldam-Shore by John Stickle of Baltasound on the Island of Unst in Shetland in 1947, this ballad appears in "The Penguin Book of English Folk Songs" edited by R.V. Williams and A.L. Lloyd.
(7) See Tolstoy, "The Quest for Merlin", p.49.
(8) The last resident of Nonsuch was King Charles II’s mistress Barbara Palmer, Countess of Cleveland, who sold the Palace, shortly before its demolition, to pay off her extensive gambling debts. The mother of five of the King’s illegitimate children, Nell Gwynne caustically referred to her romantic rival as "Squintabella".
(9) Curiously, the present author’s Grandfather Major R.H. Ferguson (1888-1963) had an intriguing lineal connection with the Carews of Beddington Park; in that his Mother, Isabel Maxwell, the neice of Field- Marshal Frederick Lord Roberts of Kandahar, was Grandaughter of Major Hamilton Maxwell, 43rd Bengal Infantry. Major Maxwell’s Grandfather, Sir William Maxwell of Monreith, was the brother of Captain James Maxwell, 42nd Highlanders, whose own grandaughter Mary was to marry Captain Charles Carew R.N. on 12th June 1828.
(10) See his foreword to Mary Caine’s "The Glastonbury Zodiac: Key to the Mysteries of Britain", privately published, Kingston-upon-Thames, 1978.
(11) "I would a hundred thousand of them were there, for we are all one countrymen now, ye know; and we should find ten times more comfort of them there than we do here…."
(12) Lady Arbella Stuart’s candidacy as a possible successor to her cousin James Stuart is examined in full in Lady Antonia Fraser’s "The Gunpowder Plot: Terror & Faith in 1605", Mandarin Paperbacks 1997.
(13) "Burke’s Dormant & Extinct Peerages" p.276.
(16) Other residents of Kew at this time of proven Plantagenet descent were Henry and Edward Courtney, successive Earls of Devon, whose own family were to suffer misfortune as a result of their involvement in Wyatt’s Rebellion, and Princess Mary Tudor; successive wife of Louis XII King of France and Charles Brandon Duke of Suffolk. The latter’s own letters from Kew are still in the State Papers. (Blomfield, pp.4-5.)
(17) Of further anecdotal relevance are the links between Cadbury Castle in Somerset and Maiden Castle in Dorset. Both appear to have been constructed along similar lines, a fact alluded to by the archaeologist Leslie Alcock on p.180 of his monumental work on "Arthur’s Britain". And, given the fact that local legend alludes to Cadbury having been constructed by Merlin the Magician, it is perhaps of further significance that Maiden Castle’s name might also have been corrupted from the old Welsh name for Merlin: Merddin. This considered, it is perhaps also highly significant that the seventeenth century Dorsetshire gentry family of Spring Rice of Damary Court appear to have adopted armorial bearings incorporating a design centred around three ravens.
(18) See Morris, John "The Age of Arthur", p.211.
(19) Mary Caine, "The Glastonbury Zodiac: Key to the Mysteries of Britain" p.147.
(20) For a complete potted history of the seventeenth and eighteenth century financial dealings of the Dashwoods of West Wycombe, see chapter two of "Dashwood: The Man and the Myth" by Eric Towers.
(21) We shall visit St. John’s Wood and Blake’s mystical "City of Revelation" again, both in Chapter Twelve and Chapter Sixteen of this work.
Next year’s offerings are due to include some filmographic musings on the geomancy of Wilmington’s ‘Long Man’. One of the great still largely unexplained mysteries of Prehistoric Sussex.